IS DISEASE PREVENTION RESEARCH?
result of continuing Congressional and public interest in
disease prevention research and the evolution of prevention
science, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Prevention
Research Coordinating Committee (PRCC) examined the existing
1984 definition of prevention research to determine whether
it was in need of revision. The goal was to ensure that
a definition of prevention research communicates the breadth
and depth of prevention research funded by NIH while also
retaining sufficient specificity to be of practical value.
on disease prevention is an important part of the NIH
mission. The Institutes and Centers have a broad portfolio
of prevention research and training, as well as programs
to disseminate the findings to scientists, health professionals,
and the public. Ultimately, knowledge gained from NIH
supported prevention research enables the application
of sound science in clinical practice, health policy,
and community health programs, thereby improving the
health of the public.
1984, an NIH definition of prevention research was developed
and agreed upon by the NIH Institutes, Centers and Offices,
and subsequently adopted as the United States Public
Health Service working definition of prevention. In
2007, the NIH Prevention Research Coordinating Committee
(PRCC) reviewed and modified the 1984 definition based
on the current state of the science.
is important to note that the proposed definition of
prevention research provided below is a general model.
We recognize that individual Institutes and Centers
may adapt the definition to best reflect their missions
and the state of knowledge in their respective scientific
Definition of Prevention Research
research encompasses research designed to yield results
directly applicable to identifying and assessing risk,
and to developing interventions for preventing or ameliorating
high-risk behaviors and exposures, the occurrence of
disease/disorder/injury, or the progression of detectable
but asymptomatic disease. Prevention research also includes
research studies to develop and evaluate disease prevention
and health promotion recommendations and public health
definition includes the following categories of research:
of modifiable risk and protective factors for diseases/disorders/injuries;
on assessment of risk, including genetic susceptibility;
of methods for screening and identification of markers
for those at risk for onset or progression of asymptomatic
diseases/disorders, or at risk for adverse high
and evaluation of interventions to promote health
for groups of individuals without recognized signs
or symptoms of the target condition;
of proven effective prevention interventions into
studies that examine factors related to the organization,
management, financing, and adoption of prevention
services and practices; and
and statistical procedures for assessing risk and
measuring the effects of preventive interventions.
- Activekarma.com - Topics include nutritional advice
and tips for preventing heart diseases, diabetes,
and other common ailments.
- Acu-Cell Disorders: Nutritional Causes, Prevention
& Remedies - Features an alphabetical
list of common Medical Disorders, and how
they relate to nutritional excesses and deficiencies.
Natural Health - Discusses how natural
trace elements in the diet can prevent cancers,
Arthritis, MS, Leukemia and most autoimmune
- Alternative Nutritional Bio Medicine - An alternative
healthcare and alternative medicine research
program specializing in wellness through proper
nutrition. Offers testing to analyze current
state of health and individualized wellness
programs to address nutritional needs.
- Angels Cancer Fighting Kitchen - Cancer fighting
recipes, foods, and spices. An all natural
recipe archive for cancer patients, and disease
prevention. No meat, no poultry, no fish,
no eggs, no dairy, no white flour, no sugar,
- Book Review: Nutrition and Mental Illness - Review
of book: "Nutrition and Mental Illness by
Carl Pfeiffer, PhD., M.D. - subtitle: "An
Orthomolecular Approach to Balancing Body
Chemistry". Curing mental problems via megadoses
of vitamins and minerals.
Disease Prevention - Information from
the CDC including classes of chronic diseases,
conditions, behaviors, populations affected,
and publications concerning disease precautions.
- Coconut Connections - Researched information about
the health benefits of coconut oil in the
diet. Information on hypothyroidism, weight
loss, and improved skin care. Learn about
the antiviral and antibacterial properties
of lauric acid, a major component of coconut
oil. UK importer distributing certified organic
oil in the UK and rest of Europe.
Gonzalez's Nutritional Regimen - Drs.
Nicholas Gonzalez and Linda Isaacs offer an
aggressive nutritional protocol for patients
with Cancer and other degenerative diseases.
Clinical trials are currently underway.
- Essential Fatty Acids - Explanation of the fatty
acids that are healthy. Omega-3, Omega-6,
and Omega-9 fatty acids and which foods they
can be found in.
Issues in Human and Veterinary Medicine
- This site addresses the vital relationship
between foods and the diseases that plague
mankind and their pets, including allergies
and autoimmune disorders.
Disease and Cancer Prevention - Article
referencing scientific studies on soy protein
and its role in preventing heart disease and
- Hydrogenated Oils: The Silent Killers - Discusses
the effects of hydrogenated oils in the human
diet, with numerous references to scientific
Screening Initiative from the AAFP - Nutrition
checklist designed to alert individuals, family
members, and phsicians to conditions that
may lead to malnutrition, particularly in
- Nutrition.Gov - A new federal resource providing
accurate scientific information on nutrition
and dietary guidance for the public.
- Osteoporosis Online: Prevention: Calcium and Vitamin
D - Provides information on the relationship
between calcium and osteoporosis. Explores
supplements, vegetarian diets, and how to
maximize calcium intake through diet.
- Please Pass the Disease Prevention - Article on
use of designer foods and antioxidants to
prevent diseases, from Purdue University.
- Seek Wellness - Nutrition and Disease - Information
about the role of food and nutrition in various
- Trans Fatty Acids - Two clearly written views
on the health effects of trans fatty acids.
Links to the food industry rebuttal. Food
and nutrition tips.
- The Tufts University Nutrition Commentator: Disease
Prevention - Critical commentary on studies
that are published in professional journals
regarding nutrition in disease prevention.
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